Zika virus, American lineage?

The Zika virus belonging to group IV of the Baltimore viral classification, which encompasses it as a positive single-stranded RNA virus, is a member of the Flaviviridae family and genus Flavivirus, was isolated for the first time in 1947, from a Rhesus macaque in the Zika forests , in Uganda. In 1968 he was isolated for the first time in humans from a sample from Nigeria and there was evidence of distribution by Africa and some cases in Asia as well as Oceania. In such reports, an acute febrile syndrome was observed, accompanied by conjunctivitis, rash, arthralgia and rarely bleeding tendency. He was credited with a benign course without major complications. No mortality was commented. Among its vectors that include nematopores dipterans of the Culicidae Family, stand out Aedes Africanus, Aedes Opok, Aedes Vittatus and Aedes Luteocephalus. 1,2,3

*Corresponding author: Luis Del Carpio-Orantes, Department of Internal Medicine, General Hospital 71, North Veracruz Delegation, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Mexico.

Published: January 31, 2020